(School of Sciences)
BIO/CHM1036 - Cell Biology
Introduction to cell biology, intended for studentswho are not majoring in the natural sciences (biology majors take BIO 1110 and 1120). Topics include the study of structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; study of the structure, function and behavior of cells; an introduction to cellularmetabolism. 2 class hours.Prerequisite: CHM1025 or CHM 1110.
BIO 1102 - Human Biology and Heredity, (VI)
Study of structure, function,and heredity of the human body primarily for students with a minimal science background. The content includes the organ systems, problems in development and function, basic principles of heredity, nature of gene function, inheritance of some human traits, and mechanisms for evolution. This course is not counted toward a biologymajor,but may be counted for the minor.
BIO 1103 - Current Environmental Topics, (VI)
Discussion of environmental problems which have developed through man's impact on nature: water resources, food supply, overpopulation and pollution problems are stressed. 4 class hours.
BIO 1104 - Life Science, (VI)
Survey course covering a broad range of topics in the life sciences from cell structure and function to ecology. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. This course is not counted toward a biology major, but may be counted for the minor.
BIO 1110 - General Biology I
Study of living systemswith particular emphasis on the molecular,cellular levels of organizationwithin the various kingdoms of life. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. This course is required of all biology majors.
BIO 1120 - General Biology II, (VI)
Continuation of the study of living systems with particular emphasis on the molecular, cellular levels of organizationwithin the various kingdoms of life. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110.This course is required of all biology majors.
BIO 2110 - Anatomy and Physiology I
Introductory study of anatomy and physiology of the vertebrate bodywith an emphasis on the human.Topics include an introduction to cells, tissues,and systems organization,osteology, fluid compartments,gross and microscopic anatomy,physiology of the circulatory system, body defense systems and the gross anatomy of musculature. 3 class hours, 3-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO/CHM 1036 or BIO 1110 and CHM 1035.
BIO 2120 - Anatomy and Physiology II
Continuation of BIO 2110. Topics include gross and microscopic anatomy, physiology of the renal system, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system and endocrine system. 3 class hours, 3-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 2110.
BIO 2250 -Microbiology
This course includes morphology, physiology, genetics, ecology,epidemiology,and control ofmicroorganisms. The laboratory work covers basic bacteriological techniques and experiments in metabolism and growth.3 class hours,2-hour lab.Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120 or BIO 1035 and CHM 1035.
BIO 2777 - Topics
Lower-division courses on one-time-only basis.Classes can be developed to respond to student interest in specific areas of current interest. The number of class hours equals the number of credits. Prerequisite: instructor permission.
BIO/HSC 3020 - Pathophysiology
Study of the generalmechanisms of disease at the cellular and molecular levels, including abnormalities of fluid distribution, the inflammatory process,abnormal immunemechanisms,and neoplastic disease, followed by an application of the basic principles of pathologic processes to diseases of the neurologic, endocrine, reproductive,hematologic,cardiovascular,pulmonary, renal and digestive systems. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology.
BIO 3101 - Conversations with the Naturalists, (VI,WI)
Keen observation and interpretation of living organisms and their environment. Naturalists have also done some of the best sciencewriting for the layperson. This course provides students with an opportunity to read, observe, reflect and write about the natural world and its interpretation.
BIO 3130 - Embryology
Development of vertebrate animals with emphasis on anatomical development in humans. Coursework includes the differentiation of tissues of allmajor body systems.Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/ Physiology.
BIO 3210 - Plant Anatomy and Physiology
Detailed study of function and structure of plants at organism, organ and cellular levels with emphasis on higher plants. Four class hours. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
BIO 3220 - Plant Systematics
Introduction to systematics of vascular plants with emphasis on identification of woody plants, representative families, terminology and use of taxonomic keys. 2 class hours, 4-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
BIO 3500 - Genetics
Study of classical and molecular genetics, gene interaction, linkage and population genetics. 3 class hours, 2-hour lab.Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.This course is required of all biology majors.
BIO 3600 -Molecular Cell Biology
Study of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and viruses to include membranes, receptor proteins, organelles, cytoskeleton, sorting and trafficking, cellular communication, the extracellular matrix, and experimental methods. Prerequisite: BIO 3500.
BIO 3777 - Topics
Advanced courses on one-time-only basis. In-depth classes,narrowed in scope to respond to student interest in specific areas corresponding to faculty interest and expertise. The number of class hours equals the number of credits.Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120 and instructor permission.
BIO 4000 - Outcomes Assessment
The St. Scholastica biology dept. is interested in how our students compare to other students at the national level. This comparison is made by performance on standardized tests that allow us to see areas within biology where our students perform well or not as well.The results of these tests are used only in aggregate to identify our department's areas of strengths and weaknesses. This course is required of all biology majors and is to be taken in the spring semester of the senior year.
BIO/GER 4125/5125 - Biology of Aging
Aging changes evident in humans as the result of time interacting with molecular mechanisms of biological systems.Current knowledge of thesemechanismswill be examined, followed by an application of the basic principles of biological aging to the systems of the body. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/ Physiology.
BIO 4130 - Endocrinology
Chemical systems of control of physiologic processes in the vertebrate animalwith emphasis on the human. Pathologic activitieswill be included to the extent that they increase understanding of normal function. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology and biochemistry.
BIO 4135 - Histology
Study of tissue structure of vertebrates with emphasis on the human. Principles of basic tissue construction will be applied to studies of the major body systems. Photomicrographs on videodisc will accompany lecture presentations.Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology.
BIO 4140 - Techniques inMicroscopy
A practical experience investigating the techniques of themicroscopy and photomicroscopy.The studentwill learn to fix, embed, section and mount tissue specimens for microscopic examination and will then photograph those specimens. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120 and consent of instructor.
BIO 4150 - DNA Analysis I
Study of the polymerase chain reactionwith emphasis on some combination of amplification of STRs,VNTRs, mtDNA, Alu DNA and analysis based on agarose gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis.First in a two-semester sequence of courses, together they provide a solid background for students pursuing graduate school, clinical disease diagnosis, forensics and paternity testing.Prerequisite: BIO 3500 and consent of instructor.
BIO 4160 - DNA Analysis II
Study of the polymerase chain reactionwith emphasis on STRs and DNA sequencing with analysis based on agarose gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis. This course will provide a solid background for students pursuing graduate school,clinical disease diagnosis, forensics and paternity testing. Prerequisite: BIO 3500 and consent of instructor.
BIO 4170 - Ecology
Study of the basic principles of ecology, interrelationships and identification of plants and animals making up principal communities of this region, the dynamic balance of communities and the productivity of natural resources. The course includes a research experience. 3 class hours, 3-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
BIO 4180 - Animal Behavior
Patterns of animal behavior, functional values of animal behaviors in terms of survival, significance of behaviors as indicators of evolutionary relationships among species. The course includes a research experience. 3 class hours, 3-hour lab. Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120.
BIO 4210/5210 - Advanced Physiology I
First in a two-semester sequence of courses including a semi-quantitative study of functions of the nervous system, musculoskeletal system and the circulatory system of humans. Prerequisite: a completed course in Anatomy/Physiology and Pathophysiology.
BIO 4220/5220 - Advanced Physiology II
Continuation of BIO 4210/5210which includes a semiquantitative study of functions of the body defense system, respiratory system, renal system,digestive system and reproductive system of humans. Prerequisite: BIO 4210/5210.
BIO 4350 - Advanced Laboratory
An introduction to original laboratory research in collaboration with a faculty member; requiring literature searching, experimental planning, a minimum of 4-10 hours laboratory work per week depending on credit, a finalwritten report and a seminar presentation of the work. The subject of the research could be of the student's own choosing. Prerequisite: junior standing, application according to department policy and instructor permission.
BIO 4555 - Internship in Biology
BIO 4777 - Topics
Advanced courses on one-time-only basis. In depth classes,narrowed in scope to respond to student interest in specific areas corresponding to faculty interest and expertise. The number of class hours equals the number of credits.Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120 and instructor permission.
BIO 4999 - Problems in Biology
Advanced study and research in an area of special interest.Prerequisite: BIO 1110 and 1120 and instructor permission.
The College of St. Scholastica
1200 Kenwood Avenue
Duluth, MN 55811